TDL® Technology, Inc. – Case Study Number 2
Restoration of a scratched and dirty LP
Written: 12 November 2005
Last month a client brought me an LP of 1950s cowboy music to restore and transfer to CD. Both sides of the disc had spots of what looked like grape jelly or gravy so the first step was a through washing. When it was dry, I put it into a clean sleeve.
Next, I played it just to listen to determine its condition. It showed evidence of having been played a lot and there was a rather severe scratch on the “B” side.
I copied the disc to a hard drive, as side1.wav and side2.wav, using our Gemini XL-500ii turntable with a Shure M97xE cartridge and the WaveTerminal 192X sound card . As the first restoration step I used Wave Corrector version 3.2 from Ganymede Test and Measurement  to remove as much surface noise, clicks and pops as possible. The volume level of both wav files looked (using Cool Edit ) and sounded OK so I skipped the normalization step.
I separated both “side” files into individual tracks (songs), again using Cool Edit. I listened to each track and trimmed off the noise at the start and end and then added three seconds of silence to each start (again using Cool Edit).
At this point, tracks 04, 08 and 10 through 12 were still noisy. Tracks 10, 11 and 12 were especially bad because of a large scratch through them. So I used the Click and Crackle filter in Sound Forge 8  on these tracks and they cleaned up nicely.
I then copied the twelve tracks to a CD-R using Roxio Easy Media Creator , made a CD label and jewel case spine label using Sure Thing CD Labeler . Finally, I listened to the CD and to make sure it would skip forward and backward to the desired track. Usually, everything works fine but once in a while, something goes wrong so it’s a good idea to listen.
Would other clean-up software have done as good a job? Of course. You learn to use what you have to do as good a job as possible. However, I will say that the restoration filters in Sound Forge 8 are very good. My second choice would probably be the DeClicker filter (which includes DeCrackler) in Noise Wizard  or DC Six .
1. The Waveterminal 192X sound card has been discontinued but other quality sound cards are available from http://www.tracertek.com.
2. The Wave Corrector software is available from http://www.wavecor.co.uk. The registration fee is $45 USD and upgrades have been free (since version 2.4).
3. Adobe Audition is the new Cool Edit and it’s available from http://www.adobe.com. The last time I looked, Cool Edit Pro was still available from some of the discount companies. You could try a Google search.
4. Sound Forge 8 is available from http://www.sony.com/mediasoftware. It is also available from
other vendors at a lower “street” price. Please see Chapter 7 on Restoration Software.
5. Easy Media Creator is available from http://www.roxio.com. I used version 5 on this restoration and I have version 8 on order.
6. Sure Thing CD Labeler is available from http://www.surething.com.
7. Noise Wizard is available from http://www.virtos-audio.com.
8. DC Six (Diamond Cut Productions) is available from http://www.tracertek.com or http://www.enhancedaudio.com.
Please click here to download a copy of this Case Study in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format.
TDL® Technology, Inc.
Las Cruces, New Mexico USA